Quality calls: phylogeny and biogeography of a new genus of neotropical katydid (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) with ultra pure-tone ultrasonics

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2011
Authors:Montealegre-Z, F, MORRIS, GLENNK, Sarria-S, FA, Mason, AC
Journal:Systematics and Biodiversity
Volume:9
Issue:1
Pagination:77 - 94
Date Published:Sep-03-2012
ISSN:1477-2000
Keywords:Biogeography, calling song, Conocephalinae, high-Q, pure tone, ultrasound
Abstract:

This paper describes Artiotonus, a new genus of tropical katydid from Colombia and Ecuador. These acoustic ensiferans are represented by three species with a geographic distribution generally restricted to the rainforest of the Bolivar geosyncline of northwestern South America (Pacific). A phylogenetic analysis based on 28 morphological and six behavioural characters produced a tree (A. artius, (A. tinae, A. captivus)) with a consistency index of 0.9. All species are defined by a few autapomorphic changes. The most reliable character for identification is the temporal pattern of the calling song, suggesting a recent genetic divergence. Biogeographic analysis indicates that such genetic divergence began with geographic isolation produced before the Holocene transgression. Species of this genus are remarkable in that the calling song of males exhibits a narrow spectrum with a high quality factor (37–42), unusual values for such ultrasonic signals. A broad discussion on the evolution of tonal calls and pulse trains is offered.

URL:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14772000.2011.560209
DOI:10.1080/14772000.2011.560209
Short Title:Systematics and Biodiversity
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith