Glossary

Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.

C

Calling song

The song produced by an isolated male.

Carrier wave
The carrier wave is the fundamnetal wave of a resonant song
Chant d'appel
See Calling Song
Chant de cour
See Courtship song
Chant de rivalité
See Rivalry song.
Chant ordinaire
See Calling song
Courtship song
The special song produced by a male when close to a female.
Crescendo
A progressive increase in amplitude.

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D

Diplosyllable
A syllable in which sound is priduced by both to- and fro- movements of the stridulatory apparatus.

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E

Echeme
A first-order assemblage of syllables.
Echeme-sequence
A first-order assemblage of echemes.

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G

Gewöhnlicher Gesang
See Calling song

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H

Hemisyllable
The sound produced by a to- OR fro- movement of the stridulatory apparatus. Broughton (1963) took the view that this term should only apply to either of the components of a diplosyllable, preferring the term haplosyllable for syllables where either the to or fro motion was silent. Later authors (e.g. Ragge & Reynolds, 1998) often replace haplosyllable with hemisyllable.

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K

Kilpalaulut
See Rivalry song
Kosiolaulut
See Courtship song
Kutsulaulut
See Calling song

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L

Laulu
See Song
Lentoäänet
See Crepitation
Lockgesang
See Calling song

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M

Macrosyllable
The songs of number of bush-crickets include two contrasting typoes of syllable, differing markedly in duration. The longer ones are termed macrosyllables.
Microsyllable
The songs of number of bush-crickets include two contrasting typoes of syllable, differing markedly in duration. The shorter ones are termed microsyllables.

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N

Normal song
See: Calling song

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P

pars stridens
The file portion of the stridulatory device. The plectrum is moved along the file to produce sound.
partes stridentes
see pars stridens 
Phrase
See Echeme
Plectrum
Part of the stridulatory apparatus that is moved along the file (pars stridens) to produce a sound.

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R

Rivalengesang
See Rivalry song
Rivalry song
The special song produced by two or more males reacting to one another.
Rufgesang
See Calling song

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S

Seewave
R package for the analysis and synthesis of sound (seewave).
Sibilant
Making or characterized by a hissing sound.
Silbe
See Syllable
Song
In bioacoustics this term is used in two main sense: in the broadest sense it is applied to the deliberate acoustic output of animals (or a group of animals) in general, and in a more restricted sense it is applied to the acoustic output of a particular species or individual. [bib]17157[/bib]
Stridulate
See stridulation.
Stridulation
Sound produced by rubbing a series of projections (file; pars stridens) against a plectrum.
Strigilation
Sound created by rubbing body parts (more general than stridulation).
Strophe
See Echeme-sequence
Syllabe
See Syllable
Syllable
In Orthoptera: The sound produced by one to-and-fro movement of the stridulatory appartus.

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V

Vers
See Echeme
Verse
See Echeme

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W

Werbegesang
See Courtship song

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith