Glossary beginning with S

Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.

S

Seewave

R package for the analysis and synthesis of sound (seewave).

seismonasty

Thigmonasty or seismonasty is the nastic response of a plant or fungus to touch or vibration

Synonyms: thigmonasty

sensory bias

"A pre-existing bias in the senses of one sex towards certain stimuli, such bias having evolved in a non-mating context. Thebias is then exploied by the other sex in a mating context to obtain more mating opportunities." [1]


References

sibilant

Making or characterized by a hissing sound.

signal to noise ratio

"The ratio of the energy contained in the parameter of a signal important for communication to that from irrelevant or extraneous sources." [1]


References

Silbe

See Syllable

sonagram

"An audiospectrogram produced by a sonagraph." [1]


References

sonagraph

"A particular kind of audiospectrograph, producing a sonagram." [1]


References

song

"In bioacoustics this term is used in two main sense: in the broadest sense it is applied to the deliberate acoustic output of animals (or a group of animals) in general, and in a more restricted sense it is applied to the acoustic output of a particular species or individual." [bib]17157[/bib]

sound level

"Loudness." [1]


References

sound pressure level

SPL

"Sound pressure level measured in decibels relative to a reference level." [1]


References

sound wave

"Sound is arbitrarily defined as consisting of disturbances of the air of low intensity irrespective of whether or not they are of such a frequency and intensity as to produce the sensation of hearing in a human being. This definition of sound is open to objections. First,it excludes water-borne sounds. ... Secondly,it excludes sounds transmitted through the substrate." [1]


References

  1. Pumphrey RJ. Hearing in Insects. Biological Reviews. 1940;15(1):107 - 132. Available at: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/toc/brv/15/1.
stridulate

See stridulation.

stridulation

Sound produced by rubbing a series of projections (file; pars stridens) against a plectrum.

"The generation of sound in insects by rubbing legs, wings, or other body parts together." [1]

"Sound production by rubbing one structure against another." [2]

"The act of engaging the file and scraper in the stridulatory area for producing sound. [3]


References

stridulatory area

"The area on the tegmina that contains the file and scraper for producing sound. It is located at the basal section of the tegmina." [1]


References

  1. Hammelman J. Cricket Radio: Tuning in the Night-singing Insects. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press; 2011.
stridulatory field

"The area on the tegmina that contains the file and scraper for producing sound. It is located at the basal section of the tegmina." [1]


References

  1. Hammelman J. Cricket Radio: Tuning in the Night-singing Insects. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press; 2011.
stridulatory organ

"The area on the tegmina that contains the file and scraper for producing sound. It is located at the basal section of the tegmina." [1]


References

  1. Hammelman J. Cricket Radio: Tuning in the Night-singing Insects. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press; 2011.
strigilation

Sound created by rubbing body parts (more general than stridulation).

Strophe

See Echeme-sequence

Syllabe

See Syllable

syllable

"The sound produced by one to-and-fro movement of the stridulatory appartus." [1]

"Synonymous with pulse." [2]


References

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith